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列夫·托尔斯泰 Лев Николаевич Толстой(Leo Tolstoy),俄国批判现实主义作家 本站收录 列夫·托尔斯泰 的图书 35

What is Art

What is Art(艺术论) 立即阅读

作者:Leo Tolstoy    译者:Aline Delano    阅读:1510    收藏:0    语言:英语

What is art? (Russian: Что такое искусство? Chto takoye iskusstvo?) is a book by Leo Tolstoy. It was completed in Russian in 1897 but first published in English due to difficulties with the Russian censors. Tolstoy cites the time, effort, public funds, and public respect spent on art and artists as well as the imprecision of general opinions on art as reason for writing the book. In his words, "it is difficult to say what is meant by art, and especially what is good, useful art, art for the sake of which we might condone such sacrifices as are being offered at its shrine".

The Forged Coupon and Other Stories

The Forged Coupon and Other Stories(伪造的证券和其他故事) 立即阅读

作者:Leo Tolstoy    阅读:2167    收藏:0    语言:英语

The Forged Coupon (Russian: Фальшивый купон, Fal'shivyi kupon) is a novella in two parts by Leo Tolstoy. Though he first conceived of the story in the late 1890s, he did not begin writing it until 1902. After struggling for several years, he finally completed the story in 1904; however, it was not published until some of Tolstoy's shorter works were collected and anthologized after his death in 1910.

Tolstoy on Shakespeare

Tolstoy on Shakespeare(托尔斯泰论莎士比亚) 立即阅读

作者:Leo Tolstoy    译者:V. Tchertkoff    阅读:641    收藏:0    语言:英语

Mr. Crosby's article on Shakespeare's attitude toward the working classes suggested to me the idea of also expressing my own long-established opinion about the works of Shakespeare, in direct opposition, as it is, to that established in all the whole European world. Calling to mind all the struggle of doubt and self-deceit,—efforts to attune myself to Shakespeare—which I went through owing to my complete disagreement with this universal adulation, and, presuming that many have experienced and are experiencing the same...

A Letter to a Hindu

A Letter to a Hindu(给一个印度人的信) 立即阅读

作者:Leo Tolstoy    译者:M. K. Gandhi    阅读:590    收藏:0    语言:英语

"A Letter to a Hindu" (also known as "A Letter to a Hindoo") was a letter written by Leo Tolstoy to Tarak Nath Das on 14 December 1908. The letter was written in response to two letters sent by Das, seeking support from the famous Russian author and thinker for India's independence from British colonial rule. The letter was published in the Indian newspaper Free Hindustan. The letter caused the young Mohandas Gandhi to write to the world-famous Tolstoy to ask for advice and for permission to reprint the Letter in Gandhi's own South African newspaper, Indian Opinion, in 1909.

战争与和平

战争与和平 立即阅读

作者:〔俄〕列夫·托尔斯泰    阅读:18930    收藏:1

俄国作家列夫·尼古拉耶维奇·托尔斯泰创作的长篇小说,也是其代表作。该作以1812年的卫国战争为中心,反映从1805到1820年间的重大历史事件。以鲍尔康斯、别祖霍夫、罗斯托夫和库拉金四大贵族的经历为主线,在战争与和平的交替描写中把众多的事件和人物串联起来。作者将“战争”与“和平”的两种生活、两条线索交叉描写,构成一部百科全书式的壮阔史诗。《战争与和平》的基本主题是肯定这次战争中俄国人民正义的抵抗行动,赞扬俄国人民在战争中表现出来的爱国热情和英雄主义。但作品的基调是宗教仁爱思想和人道主义,作家反对战争,对战争各方的受难并都给予了深切的同情。

Resurrection

Resurrection(复活) 立即阅读

作者:Leo Tolstoy    译者:Mrs. Louise Maude    阅读:5339    收藏:0    语言:英语

Resurrection (Russian: Воскресение, Voskreseniye), first published in 1899, was the last novel written by Leo Tolstoy. The book is the last of his major long fiction works published in his lifetime. Tolstoy intended the novel as an exposition of the injustice of man-made laws and the hypocrisy of the institutionalized church. The novel also explores the economic philosophy of Georgism, of which Tolstoy had become a very strong advocate towards the end of his life, and explains the theory in detail.

Anna Karenina

Anna Karenina(安娜·卡列尼娜) 立即阅读

作者:Leo Tolstoi    译者:Hans Moser    阅读:9850    收藏:0    语言:德语

Anna Karenina (Анна Каренина) ist ein Roman von Leo Tolstoi, der in den Jahren 1873 bis 1878 in der Epoche des russischen Realismus entstand und als eines von Tolstois besten Werken gilt. Das Buch wurde 1877/78 veröffentlicht und handelt von Ehe und Moral in der adligen russischen Gesellschaft des 19. Jahrhunderts.

Anna Karenina

Anna Karenina(安娜·卡列尼娜) 立即阅读

作者:Leo Tolstoy    译者:Constance Garnett    阅读:8586    收藏:0    语言:英语

Anna Karenina (Анна Каренина) is a novel by the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy, published in serial installments from 1873 to 1877 in the periodical The Russian Messenger. Tolstoy clashed with editor Mikhail Katkov over political issues that arose in the final installment; therefore, the novel's first complete appearance was in book form in 1878. Widely regarded as a pinnacle in realist fiction, Tolstoy considered Anna Karenina his first true novel, after he came to consider War and Peace to be more than a novel.

Childhood

Childhood(童年) 立即阅读

作者:Leo Tolstoy    译者:C.J. Hogarth    阅读:1181    收藏:0    语言:英语

Childhood is the first published novel by Leo Tolstoy, released under the initials L. N. in the November 1852 issue of the popular Russian literary journal The Contemporary. It is the first in a series of three novels and is followed by Boyhood and Youth. Published when Tolstoy was just twenty-three years old, the book was an immediate success, earning notice from other Russian novelists including Ivan Turgenev, who heralded the young Tolstoy as a major up-and-coming figure in Russian literature.

Master and Man

Master and Man(主人与仆人) 立即阅读

作者:Leo Tolstoy    译者:Louise and Aylmer Maude    阅读:568    收藏:0    语言:英语

In this short story, a land owner named Vasili Andreevich Brekhunov takes along one of his peasants, Nikita, for a short journey to the house of the owner of a forest. He is impatient and wishes to get to the town more quickly 'for business' (purchasing the forest before other contenders can get there). They find themselves in the middle of a blizzard, but the master in his avarice wishes to press on. They eventually get lost off the road and they try to camp. The master's peasant soon finds himself about to die from hypothermia.

作者简介

列夫·尼古拉耶维奇·托尔斯泰( 俄语:Лев Николаевич Толстой, 英语:Leo Tolstoy, 1828年9月9日 --- 1910年11月20日 ),19世纪中期俄国批判现实主义作家、文学家、思想家,哲学家。世袭伯爵,曾参加克里米亚战争。返回雅斯纳·亚波利亚纳的农庄后致力于农民教育。1862年结婚后,创作了俄罗斯文学史上的巨著《战争与和平》、《安娜·卡列尼娜》。1879年经历了一次信仰危机后信奉和平主义,主张以勿抗恶的方式对社会进行改革。并否定自己以前的作品。因执着于自己的信念使家庭关系恶化,死于出奔途中。其作品多达45卷。名著还有长篇小说《复活》、戏剧《黑暗的势力》和若干短篇小说和评论。他的文学传统不仅通过高尔基而为苏联作家所批判地继承和发展,在世界文学中也有其巨大影响。在文学创作和社会活动中,他提出了“托尔斯泰主义”,对很多政治运动有着深刻影响。